DIAA(LOCAL) - FREEDOM FROM DISCRIMINATION, HARASSMENT, AND RETALIATION: SEX AND SEXUAL VIOLENCE
Note: This policy addresses complaints of sex and gender discrimination and sexual misconduct, including sexual harassment, sexual violence, dating violence, domestic violence, stalking, and retaliation targeting employees. For additional legally referenced material relating to discrimination, harassment, and retaliation, see DAA(LEGAL). For sex discrimination, sexual harassment, sexual violence, dating violence, domestic violence, stalking, and retaliation targeting students, see FFDA.
Statement of Nonviolence and Nondiscrimination
The College District prohibits any and all forms of sexual violence including, but not limited to, domestic violence, dating violence, rape, sexual assault, and stalking. The College District likewise prohibits discrimination, including harassment, against any employee on the basis of sex. Retaliation against anyone involved in the complaint process is a violation of College District policy and is prohibited.
In furtherance of these prohibitions, the College District shall establish regular programs designed to educate students and staff regarding the prevention and reporting of sexual violence and harassment. Such programs shall include all of the elements required by law.
Solely for purposes of this policy, the term "employee" includes former employees, applicants for employment, and unpaid interns.
Discrimination against an employee is conduct directed at an employee on the basis of sex that adversely affects the employee's employment.
In accordance with law, discrimination on the basis of sex includes discrimination on the basis of biological sex, gender identity, sexual orientation, gender stereotypes, or any other prohibited basis related to sex.
Sexual Harassment and Sexual Violence
Sexual harassment is a form of sex discrimination defined as unwelcome sexual advances; requests for sexual favors; sexually motivated physical, verbal, or nonverbal conduct; or other conduct or communication of a sexual nature when:
- Submission to the conduct is either explicitly or implicitly a condition of an employee's employment, or when submission to or rejection of the conduct is the basis for an employment action affecting the employee; or
- The conduct is so severe, persistent, or pervasive that it has the purpose or effect of unreasonably interfering with the employee's work performance or creates an intimidating, threatening, hostile, or offensive work environment.
Sexual violence is a form of sexual harassment. Sexual violence includes physical sexual acts perpetrated against a person's will or without the person's consent. "Consent" means assent in fact in accordance with law.
Sexual assault is any unwanted, nonconsensual sexual contact against an individual by another. Sexual assault can occur either forcibly (against a person's will) or when a person cannot give consent (under the age of consent, intoxicated, developmentally disabled, or mentally/physically unable to consent).
Rape is nonconsensual sexual intercourse that involves the use or threat of force, violence, or immediate and unlawful bodily injury or threats of future retaliation and duress. Rape includes nonconsensual sexual intercourse when the person is incapable of giving consent because he or she is incapacitated from alcohol and/or drugs or if a mental disorder or developmental or physical disability renders the victim incapable of giving consent.
"Dating violence" means violence committed by a person who is or has been in a social relationship of a romantic or intimate nature with the victim. The existence of such a relationship shall be determined based on the reporting party's statement and with consideration of the length of the relationship, the type of relationship, and the frequency of interaction between the persons involved in the relationship.
"Domestic violence" means violence committed by:
- A current or former spouse or intimate partner of the victim;
- A person with whom the victim shares a child in common;
- A person who is cohabitating with, or has cohabitated with, the victim as a spouse or intimate partner;
- Any other member of the victim's family as defined by state law;
- Any other current or former member of the victim's household as defined by state law;
- A person in a dating relationship with the victim as defined by state law; or
- Any other person who acts against the victim in violation of the family violence laws of this state or the jurisdiction where the conduct occurs.
"Stalking" means engaging in a course of conduct directed at a specific person that would cause a reasonable person to fear for the person's safety or the safety of others or suffer substantial emotional distress.
For the purposes of this definition:
- "Course of conduct" means two or more acts, including, but not limited to, acts in which the stalker directly, indirectly, or through third parties, by any action, method, device, or means, follows, monitors, observes, surveils, threatens, or communicates to or about a person, or interferes with a person's property.
- "Reasonable person" means a reasonable person under similar circumstances and with similar identities to the victim.
Examples of sexual harassment of an employee may include sexual advances; touching intimate body parts; coercing or forcing a sexual act on another; jokes or conversations of a sexual nature; sexual assault as defined by law; offensive or derogatory language directed at another person's gender identity; and other sexually motivated conduct, communication, or contact.
Examples may also include forms of dating violence, domestic violence, or stalking, such as physical or sexual assaults; name-calling; put-downs; or threats directed at the employee, the employee's family members, or members of the employee's household; destroying the employee's property; threatening to commit suicide or homicide if the employee ends the relationship; tracking the employee; attempting to isolate the employee from friends and family; threatening an employee's spouse or partner; or encouraging others to engage in these behaviors.
In this policy, the term "prohibited conduct" includes sexual violence, discrimination, harassment, dating violence, domestic violence, stalking, and retaliation as described by this policy, even if the behavior does not rise to the level of unlawful conduct.
In this policy, the term "complainant" refers to an employee who is alleged to have experienced prohibited conduct.
In this policy, the term "respondent" refers to a person who is alleged to have committed prohibited conduct.
A "confidential employee" is a person who holds a professional license requiring confidentiality, such as a counselor or medical provider, who is supervised by such a person, or a person who is a nonprofessional counselor or advocate designated in administrative procedures as a confidential source.
Reporting by Alleged Victim
A victim of prohibited conduct has the right to report the incident to the College District and to receive a prompt and equitable resolution of the report.
An employee who believes that he or she has experienced prohibited conduct may report the alleged acts to his or her immediate supervisor, to the Title IX coordinator, to a CSA [as defined in CHA(LOCAL)], or to the Chancellor or designee.
Reports against the Title IX coordinator may be directed to the Chancellor. A report against the Chancellor or designee may be made directly to the Board. If a report is made directly to the Board, the Board shall appoint an appropriate person to conduct an investigation. An employee shall not be required to report prohibited conduct to the person alleged to have committed the conduct.
Alternatively, the employee may report electronically through the College District's website.
A victim of a crime has the right to choose whether to report the crime to law enforcement, to be assisted by the College District in reporting the crime to law enforcement, or to decline to report the crime to law enforcement.
It is important that a victim of prohibited conduct go to a hospital for treatment and preservation of evidence, if applicable, as soon as practicable after the incident.
Reporting by Other Employees
Any employee who believes that another employee has experienced prohibited conduct, regardless of when or where the incident occurred, shall immediately report the alleged acts to the Title IX coordinator. Additionally, the employee may report to a CSA [as defined in CHA(LOCAL)], or the Chancellor or designee.
A report against the Chancellor or designee must also be made directly to the Board. If a report is made directly to the Board, the Board shall appoint an appropriate person to conduct an investigation.
Disclosure at Event
A person who received the information solely from a disclosure at a sexual harassment, sexual assault, dating violence, or stalking public awareness event sponsored by a postsecondary educational institution or by an employee organization affiliated with the institution is not required to report the prohibited conduct unless the person has authority to institute corrective measures on behalf of the College District.
Employee Subject to Confidentiality Rules
Absent the employee's consent, or unless required by law, a confidential employee shall only be required to disclose the type of incident reported and may not disclose information that would violate the employee's expectation of privacy. If multiple confidential employees receive information about the same alleged incident, then only one report disclosing the type of incident must be submitted.
A person who has either learned of an incident of prohibited conduct during the course of the College District's review or process, or has confirmed with the person or office overseeing the review or process that the incident has been previously reported, is not required to report the prohibited conduct.
Title IX Coordinator
The College District shall publish the contact information for the Title IX coordinator/investigator(s) on the College District website.
The Chancellor designates the following person to coordinate its efforts to comply with Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972, as amended, and related state and federal laws:
Title IX Coordinator:
Dr. Bennie Graves, Dean, Title IX, Institutional Diversity, and Equity
902 College Ave., Brenham, TX 77833
All employees, with the exception of confidential employees, are designated as responsible employees for purposes of compliance with Title IX.
A failure to immediately report prohibited conduct may impair the College District's ability to investigate and address the conduct.
When the allegations underlying two or more complaints arise out of the same facts or circumstances, the College District may consolidate the complaints.
Each party to a complaint may be assisted by an advisor of the party's choice who may participate in the proceedings in a manner consistent with College District procedures.
Conflict of Interest Prohibited
No person designated as the Title IX coordinator, a deputy Title IX coordinator, an investigator, a decision-maker, or a facilitator of an informal resolution process shall have a conflict of interest or bias.
A person designated as the Title IX coordinator, a deputy Title IX coordinator, an investigator, a decision-maker, or a facilitator of an informal resolution process shall receive training as required by law and College District procedures.
"Days" shall mean College District business days, unless otherwise noted. In calculating timelines under this policy, the day a document is filed is "day zero." The following business day is "day one."
Extension of Timelines
Timelines established by this policy and associated procedures may be subject to a limited extension if good cause, as defined in this policy and College District regulations, exists. The College District shall promptly provide written notice to the parties of an extension and the reason for the extension. A limited delay determined to be necessary so as not to impede a criminal or regulatory investigation shall constitute good cause for an extension of timelines established by this policy and associated procedures.
Investigation of the Report
The College District may request, but shall not insist upon, a written report. If a report is made orally, the Title IX coordinator or designee shall reduce the report to written form.
Upon receipt or notice of a report, the Title IX coordinator shall first notify the Campus Police Department to determine whether the allegation requires a criminal investigation. If the allegation does not require a criminal investigation, the College District official shall then determine whether the allegations, if proven, would constitute prohibited conduct as defined by this policy.
If so, the College District official shall ensure that the complainant receives written notice about existing counseling, health, mental health, victim advocacy, legal assistance, and other services available for victims both on-campus and in the community. The College District official shall ensure that the complainant receives written notification of the options for, and available assistance in adjusting working conditions, if so requested and if such accommodations are reasonably available, regardless of whether the complainant chooses to report the allegation to campus police or local law enforcement. The Title IX coordinator shall explain the process for filing a formal complaint and assess any request not to investigate. If the College District moves forward with the investigation, the Title IX coordinator shall immediately provide notice to the known parties to the complaint.
If the Title IX coordinator determines that the allegations, if proven, would not constitute prohibited conduct as defined by this policy, the Title IX coordinator shall refer the complaint for consideration under the appropriate policy.
Request Not to Investigate
The complainant may request that the College District not investigate the allegations. If the complainant requests that the allegations not be investigated, in deciding whether to initiate the investigation, the College District must consider the factors described by law and any other factors the College District considers relevant.
The College District shall promptly notify the complainant of the decision regarding whether it will conduct the investigation. If the College District decides not to investigate the allegations, the College District shall take reasonable steps to protect the health and safety of the College District community.
To be considered a formal complaint under Title IX, the complainant or the Title IX coordinator must sign the written report.
Notice to Parties
The notice to the parties must describe the allegations and the formal and informal options for resolution of the complaint. The notice must state that the respondent is presumed not responsible until a determination regarding responsibility is made. The notice must also include information regarding the option to select an advisor, the opportunity to inspect and review evidence, and the prohibition on knowingly making false statements or submitting false information during the investigation and any ensuing proceedings.
If the allegations are subsequently amended, the College District shall provide an updated notice reflecting the new allegations.
The College District may offer to the parties a process for the informal resolution of a formal complaint as defined by law. If the parties voluntarily agree in writing to participate in informal resolution of a formal complaint, the Title IX coordinator shall determine within three days if informal resolution is appropriate for the complaint. If the Title IX coordinator determines that informal resolution is appropriate, then the Title IX coordinator or designee may facilitate that resolution within ten days. If the Title IX coordinator does not determine informal resolution to be appropriate, then the complaint will be subject to the formal resolution process.
If the complaint is not subject to the informal resolution process, the Title IX coordinator shall authorize or undertake an investigation.
If appropriate and regardless of whether a criminal or regulatory investigation regarding the alleged conduct is pending, the Title IX coordinator shall promptly provide supportive measures intended to prevent prohibited conduct, protect the safety of the parties and others, and protect the parties from retaliation prior to the completion of the investigation. Examples of possible supportive measures include work accommodations, such as leaves of absence or administrative leave; mutual restrictions on contact between the parties; counseling and health services; and increased security and monitoring of certain areas of the campus.
College District Investigation
The investigation may be conducted by the Title IX coordinator or a designee or by a third party designated by the College District, such as an attorney. When appropriate, the supervisor shall be involved in or informed of the investigation.
The investigation may consist of personal interviews with the complainant, the respondent, and others with knowledge of the circumstances surrounding the allegations. The investigation may also include analysis of other information or documents related to the allegations.
The parties shall be provided an equal opportunity to present witnesses and evidence and to inspect and review any directly related evidence obtained by the College District so that the parties may meaningfully respond during the investigation process. The parties expected to participate in an investigative interview or other meeting shall be provided written notice in enough time to prepare to participate.
At least ten days prior to the completion of the investigation report, the College District must send each party and the party's advisor evidence subject to inspection and review. The parties may submit a written response for consideration by the investigator.
Concluding the Investigation
The investigation shall be completed within a reasonable time, not to exceed 30 days from the date of the report.
The investigator shall prepare a written report of the investigation. The investigation report shall be filed with the Title IX coordinator within five days following the completion of the investigation.
Notification of the Report
The Title IX coordinator shall provide the investigation report, within the extent permitted by law, to the complainant and the respondent promptly following receipt. The parties shall be given ten days to respond to the report.
College District Action
The Title IX coordinator shall submit the investigation report to the Vice Chancellor, Human Resources promptly after receipt of the parties' response but no later than the expiration of the parties' deadline to respond.
The Vice Chancellor, Human Resources or designee shall summon the parties for a hearing to be held within a reasonable time, not to exceed ten days. The hearing shall be conducted in accordance with law and College District procedures.
After the hearing, the Vice Chancellor, Human Resources or designee shall determine whether each individual allegation of prohibited conduct occurred using a preponderance of evidence standard and determine the appropriate disciplinary or corrective action. In making the determination, the Vice Chancellor, Human Resources or designee shall evaluate all relevant evidence objectively and shall not make credibility assessments based on a person's status as the complainant, the respondent, or a witness. The Vice Chancellor, Human Resources or designee shall create a written determination regarding responsibility in accordance with law and College District procedures within five days following the hearing and submit the determination to the parties simultaneously.
Disciplinary or Corrective Action
If the Vice Chancellor, Human Resources or designee determines that prohibited conduct occurred, the College District shall promptly respond by taking appropriate disciplinary or corrective action reasonably calculated to address the conduct.
The College District may take action based on the results of an investigation, even if the conduct did not rise to the level of prohibited or unlawful conduct.
Examples of disciplinary or corrective action may include:
- Implementing the disciplinary measures described in DH and the DM series for employees or FM for students;
- Providing a training program for those involved in the complaint;
- Providing a comprehensive education program for the College District community;
- Providing counseling for the victim and the student who engaged in prohibited conduct;
- Permitting the victim or student engaged in the prohibited conduct to drop a course in which they both are enrolled without penalty;
- Conducting follow-up inquiries to determine if any new incidents or any instances of retaliation have occurred;
- Involving employees in efforts to identify problems and improve the College District climate;
- Increasing staff monitoring of areas where prohibited conduct has occurred;
- Reaffirming the College District's policy against discrimination and harassment; and
- Taking other actions described in College District regulations.
The College District shall minimize attempts to require a complainant to resolve the problem directly with the person who engaged in the harassment; however, if that is the most appropriate resolution method, the College District shall be involved in an appropriate manner.
If the Vice Chancellor, Human Resources or designee determines that improper conduct occurred that did not rise to the level of prohibited conduct, the College District may take disciplinary action in accordance with College District policy and procedures or other corrective action reasonably calculated to address the conduct.
Dismissal of Complaint
An allegation presented as a formal complaint under Title IX is subject to the mandatory dismissal procedures under law.
Any complaint may be dismissed at any time on request of a complainant. The Title IX coordinator must first assess the request in accordance with this policy at Request Not to Investigate, above.
A complaint may also be dismissed if specific circumstances prevent the College District from gathering evidence sufficient to reach a determination as to the complaint or allegations.
Notice of Dismissal
Upon dismissal of a complaint, the Title IX coordinator or the Vice Chancellor, Human Resources or designee shall provide the parties written notice of the dismissal.
To the greatest extent possible, consistent with law, the College District shall respect the privacy of the complainant or the respondent or a person who makes a report or serves as a witness. Limited disclosures may be necessary to carry out the purposes of this policy and associated regulations and to comply with applicable law.
The College District prohibits retaliation against any person for the purpose of interfering with a right or privilege under this policy; the complainant; or a person who, in good faith, makes a report or complaint, serves as a witness, or otherwise participates or refuses to participate in an investigation, proceeding, or hearing under this policy. This prohibition does not apply to discipline of a person who perpetrated or assists in the perpetration of the prohibited conduct.
A person who is alleged to have experienced retaliation may pursue a claim under this policy or policy FFDA, as appropriate.
Examples of retaliation may include termination, refusal to hire, demotion, and denial of promotion. Retaliation may also include threats, unjustified negative evaluations, unjustified negative references, or increased surveillance.
Failure to Report and False Claims
An employee who fails to make a required report or an employee or student who intentionally makes a false claim, offers a false statement, or refuses to cooperate with a College District investigation regarding prohibited conduct shall be subject to appropriate disciplinary action.
Discipline or Corrective Action
Suspension Without Pay or Termination of Contract Employees
If the Vice Chancellor, Human Resources or designee determines that a contract employee committed prohibited conduct that warrants suspension without pay or termination mid-contract, the Vice Chancellor, Human Resources or designee shall inform the employee in writing of the determination, and a Board hearing shall be scheduled in accordance with DMAA.
If the Vice Chancellor, Human Resources or designee determines that the employee committed prohibited conduct that warrants other discipline or corrective action, the Vice Chancellor, Human Resources or designee shall inform the employee that the employee may appeal the determination within ten days in accordance with DGBA beginning at Level Three.
If the Vice Chancellor, Human Resources or designee determines that a student committed prohibited conduct that warrants a suspension, the official shall forward the determination and all evidence collected during the investigation and hearing to the Chancellor. A conference shall be scheduled within ten days of the notice of determination in accordance with FMA.
If the Vice Chancellor, Human Resources or designee determines that the student committed prohibited conduct that warrants expulsion, the official shall forward the determination and all evidence collected during the investigation and hearing to the Chancellor to schedule an expulsion hearing before the Board.
If the Vice Chancellor, Human Resources or designee determines that the student committed prohibited conduct that warrants other discipline or corrective action, the Vice Chancellor, Human Resources or designee shall inform the student that the student may appeal the determination within ten days in accordance with FMA.
All other appeals related to this policy may be submitted through the applicable grievance policy beginning at the appropriate level. [See DGBA(LOCAL) for employees, FLD(LOCAL) for students, and GB(LOCAL) for community members]
Complaints Filed with State or Federal Agencies
A party shall be informed of any right to file a complaint with appropriate state or federal agencies.
Retention of records shall be in accordance with the College District's records retention procedures. [See CIA]
Access to Policy, Procedures, and Related Materials
Information regarding this policy and any accompanying procedures, as well as relevant educational and resource materials concerning the topics discussed in this policy, shall be distributed to applicants for admission and employment and annually to College District employees, students, and parents or guardians of dual credit students in compliance with law and in a manner calculated to provide easy access and wide distribution, such as through electronic distribution and inclusion in the employee and student handbooks and other major College District publications. Information regarding the policy, procedures, and related materials and any materials used to train a person designated as the Title IX coordinator, a deputy Title IX coordinator, an investigator, a decision-maker, or a facilitator shall also be prominently published on the College District's website on a dedicated page accessible through a clear link on the homepage, taking into account applicable legal requirements. Copies of the policy and procedures shall be readily available at the College District's administrative offices and shall be distributed to an employee who makes a report.