DMA(LEGAL) - PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT: REQUIRED STAFF DEVELOPMENT
The staff development provided by a district to an educator other than a principal must be conducted in accordance with standards developed by the district and designed to improve education in the district.
The staff development provided by a district to a principal shall be governed by Education Code 21.3541 and rules adopted under that section. [See DNB]
Education Code 21.451(a), (a-1)
Staff development shall be predominantly campus-based, related to achieving campus performance objectives, and developed and approved by the campus-level committee.
A district may use district-wide staff development that has been developed and approved through the district-level decision process. [See BQA and BQB, as appropriate]
Education Code 21.451(b), (c)
Staff development may include training in:
- Positive behavior intervention and support strategies, including classroom management, district discipline policies, and the Student Code of Conduct; and
- Digital learning.
Digital learning training must:
- Discuss basic technology proficiency expectations and methods to increase an educator's digital literacy; and
- Assist an educator in the use of digital technology in learning activities that improve teaching, assessment, and instructional practices.
Staff development may include instruction as to what is permissible under law, including opinions of the United States Supreme Court, regarding prayer in public school.
Education Code 21.451(d)(1), (d-3), (g)
Staff development must include training on:
- Suicide prevention;
- Recognizing signs of mental health conditions and substance abuse;
- Strategies for establishing and maintaining positive relationships among students, including conflict resolution;
- How grief and trauma affect student learning and behavior and how evidence-based, grief-informed, and trauma-informed strategies support the academic success of students affected by grief and trauma; and
- Preventing, identifying, responding to, and reporting incidents of bullying.
Required training above must be provided on an annual basis, as part of a new employee orientation, to all new school district educators; and to existing school district educators on a schedule adopted by Texas Education Agency (TEA) rule. The training must use a best practice-based program recommended by TEA in coordination with the Health and Human Services Commission under Education Code 38.351 [see FFEB], and may include two or more topics listed together.
Education Code 21.451(d)(3), (d-1)
Instruction of Students with Disabilities
Staff development must include training that is evidence-based, as defined by Section 8101, Every Student Succeeds Act (20 USC 7801), and that:
- Relates to the instruction of students with disabilities, including students with disabilities who also have other intellectual or mental health conditions; and
- Is designed for educators who work primarily outside the area of special education.
A district is required to provide the training to an educator who works primarily outside the area of special education only if the educator does not possess the knowledge and skills necessary to implement the individualized education program developed for a student receiving instruction from the educator. A district may determine the time and place at which the training is delivered.
In developing or maintaining the training, a district must consult with persons with expertise in research-based practices for students with disabilities, including colleges, universities, private and nonprofit organizations, regional education service centers, qualified district personnel, and any other persons identified as qualified by the district, regardless of whether the training is provided at the campus or district level.
Education Code 21.451(d)(2), (e)–(f)
The required suicide prevention training may be satisfied through independent review of suicide prevention training material that complies with the guidelines developed by TEA and is offered online. Education Code 21.451(d-2); 19 TAC 153.1013(d)
Suicide prevention programs on TEA's list of recommended best practice-based programs [see FFEB] must include components that provide for training school counselors, teachers, nurses, administrators, and other staff, as well as law enforcement officers and social workers who regularly interact with students, to:
- Recognize students at risk of attempting suicide, including students who are or may be the victims of or who engage in bullying;
- Recognize students displaying early warning signs and a possible need for early mental health or substance abuse intervention, which warning signs may include declining academic performance, depression, anxiety, isolation, unexplained changes in sleep or eating habits, and destructive behavior toward self and others;
- Intervene effectively with students described above by providing notice and referral to a parent or guardian so appropriate action, such as seeking mental health or substance abuse services, may be taken by a parent or guardian; and
- Assist students in returning to school following treatment of a mental health concern or suicide attempt.
A district shall provide training described in the components above for teachers, school counselors, principals, and all other appropriate personnel. A district is required to provide the training at an elementary school campus only to the extent that sufficient funding and programs are available. A school district may implement a program on TEA's list of recommended best practice-based programs [see FFEB] to satisfy this training requirement.
If a district provides the training, a district employee must participate in the training at least one time; and the district shall maintain records that include the name of each district employee who participated in the training.
Education Code 38.351(e), (g), (h); 19 TAC 153.1013
Staff Development Account
A district that receives resources from the commissioner of education's staff development account must pay to the commissioner for deposit in the account an amount equal to one-half of the cost of the resources provided to the district. Education Code 21.453(c)
Child Abuse, Trafficking, and Maltreatment
A district's methods for increasing awareness of issues regarding sexual abuse, sex trafficking, and other maltreatment of children [see District Improvement Plan at BQ and Sexual Abuse, Trafficking, and Maltreatment Policies and Programs at FFG] must include training concerning prevention techniques for and recognition of sexual abuse, sex trafficking, and all other maltreatment of children, including the sexual abuse, sex trafficking, and other maltreatment of children with significant cognitive disabilities.
The training must be provided as part of new employee orientation to all new employees and to existing district employees not previously trained. The training may be included in staff development under Education Code 21.451.
The training must include:
- Factors indicating a child is at risk for sexual abuse, trafficking, or other maltreatment;
- Warning signs indicating a child may be a victim of sexual abuse, trafficking, or other maltreatment;
- Internal procedures for seeking assistance for a child who is at risk for sexual abuse, trafficking, or other maltreatment, including referral to a school counselor, a social worker, or another mental health professional;
- Techniques for reducing a child's risk of sexual abuse, trafficking, or other maltreatment; and
- Information on community organizations that have relevant research-based programs and that are able to provide training or other education for district staff, students, and parents.
A district must maintain records that include the name of each staff member who participated in the training.
To the extent that resources are not yet available from TEA or the commissioner of education, districts shall implement the policies and trainings with existing or publicly available resources. The district may also work in conjunction with a community organization to provide the training at no cost to the district.
Education Code 38.0041(c)–(f); 19 TAC 61.1051(d)
A district's efforts to increase awareness and implementation of trauma-informed care must include training to new and existing employees. [See BQ, FFBA] Education Code 38.036(c)
Each principal or other appropriate administrator who oversees student discipline shall, at least once every three school years, attend professional development training regarding Education Code Chapter 37, Subchapter G. The professional development shall include training relating to the distinction between a discipline management technique used at the principal's discretion under Education Code 37.002(a) and the discretionary authority of a teacher to remove a disruptive student under Education Code 37.002(b) [see FOA].
The professional development training may be provided in coordination with an education service center through the use of distance learning methods, such as telecommunications networks, and using available TEA resources.
Education Code 37.0181
Test Administration Procedures
A district shall ensure that test coordinators and administrators receive training to ensure that testing personnel have the necessary skills and knowledge required to administer assessment instruments in a valid, standardized, and secure manner. 19 TAC 101.3031(c)
Employees identified by the district with access to a district computer system or database must complete a cybersecurity training program selected by the board. [See CQB] Gov't Code 2054.5191(a-1)
Special Programs Training
Texas Adolescent Literacy Academies
A teacher shall attend a Texas adolescent literacy academy under 19 Administrative Code 102.1101 if:
- The teacher teaches at a campus that receives a rating that reflects unacceptable performance and that fails to meet the state system safeguard performance target in reading for one or more student groups; and
- The teacher teaches in general education, special education, or English as a second language for students in grade 6, 7, or 8, and:
- The teacher is a certified, full-time English language arts and reading teacher who instructs English language arts and/or reading for at least 50 percent of the teacher's instructional duties; or
- The teacher is a certified, full-time content area teacher who instructs mathematics, science, and/or social studies for at least 50 percent of the teacher's instructional duties.
A teacher described above is required to complete the training not later than December 31 of the calendar year in which the rating that reflects unacceptable performance is assigned.
A teacher who is required to attend an academy is eligible for a teacher stipend upon completion of face-to-face training if funds have been appropriated and are available for that purpose. A teacher who completes online training is not eligible for a stipend.
The stipend shall not be considered in determining whether a district is paying the teacher the state minimum monthly salary [see DEA and DEAA].
Each school district with teachers required to attend and complete Texas adolescent reading academies must maintain records to verify teacher attendance and completion in accordance with the district's record retention policy.
Education Code 21.4551(c), (e); 19 TAC 102.1101
Teacher Literacy Achievement Academies
A district shall ensure that:
- Not later than the 2021–22 school year, each classroom teacher in kindergarten or first, second, or third grade and each principal at a campus with kindergarten or first, second, or third grade has attended a teacher literacy achievement academy developed under Education Code 21.4552; and
- Each classroom teacher and each principal initially employed in a grade level or at a campus described above for the 2021–22 school year or a subsequent school year has attended a teacher literacy achievement academy developed under Education Code 21.4552 before the teacher's or principal's first year of placement in that grade level or campus.
Education Code 28.0062(a)(2)
[See EHAB for kindergarten–grade 3 reading standards]
Gifted and Talented Education
A district shall ensure that:
- Before assignment to the program for gifted students, teachers who provide instruction and services that are part of the program have a minimum of 30 hours of staff development that includes nature and needs of gifted/talented students, assessment of student needs, and curriculum and instruction for gifted students.
- Teachers without the required training who provide instruction and services that are part of the gifted/talented program complete the 30-hour training requirement within one semester.
- Teachers who provide instruction and services that are part of a program for gifted students receive a minimum of six hours annually of professional development in gifted education.
- Administrators and counselors who have authority for program decisions have a minimum of six hours of professional development that includes nature and needs of gifted/talented students and program options.
19 TAC 89.2
Elective Bible Course
A teacher of an elective Bible course offered under Education Code 28.011 [see EMI] must hold a minimum of a High School Composite Certification in language arts, social studies, or history with, where practical, a minor in religious or biblical studies. The teacher must successfully complete the staff development training developed by the commissioner with respect to Bible elective courses. Education Code 28.011(f)
Automated External Defibrillators
A district shall annually make available to employees and volunteers instruction in the principles and techniques of cardiopulmonary resuscitation and the use of an automated external defibrillator (AED).
The instruction provided in the use of AEDs must meet guidelines for approved AED training under Health and Safety Code 779.002. Each school nurse, assistant school nurse, athletic coach or sponsor, physical education instructor, marching band director, cheerleading coach, and any other employee specified by the commissioner, and each student who serves as an athletic trainer, must:
- Participate in the instruction; and
- Receive and maintain certification in the use of an AED from the American Heart Association, the American Red Cross, or a similar nationally recognized association.
Education Code 22.902
Extracurricular Activity Safety Training
The following persons must satisfactorily complete an extracurricular activity safety training program:
- A coach or sponsor for an extracurricular athletic activity;
- A trainer, unless the trainer has completed the educational requirements for licensure as a licensed athletic trainer set forth at 22 Administrative Code 871.7 and the continuing education requirements at 22 Administrative Code 871.12;
- A physician who is employed by a district or who volunteers to assist with an extracurricular athletic activity, unless the physician attends a continuing medical education course that specifically addresses emergency medicine; and
- A director responsible for a school marching band.
The training must be conducted by the University Interscholastic League (UIL) or by another organization as determined by the UIL.
Education Code 33.202(b), (e), (f); 19 TAC 76.1003
A superintendent shall maintain complete and accurate records of the district's compliance and the district shall make available to the public proof of compliance for each person employed by or volunteering for the district who is required to receive safety training.
A campus that is determined by a superintendent to be out of compliance with the safety training requirements shall be subject to the range of penalties determined by the UIL.
Education Code 33.206; 19 TAC 76.1003(e)
A district shall require that each employee who serves as an athletic coach at or above the seventh grade level for an extracurricular athletic activity sponsored or sanctioned by the UIL complete:
- The educational program developed by the UIL regarding the health effects of steroids; or
- A comparable program developed by the district or a private entity with relevant expertise.
Education Code 33.091(c-1)
At least once every two years, the following employees shall take a training course from an authorized provider in the subject matter of concussions:
- A coach of an interscholastic athletic activity shall take a course approved by the UIL.
- An athletic trainer who serves as a member of a district's concussion oversight team shall take a course approved by the Texas Department of Licensing and Regulation (TDLR) or a course approved for continuing education credit by the licensing authority for athletic trainers.
- A school nurse or licensed health-care professional, other than an athletic trainer, who serves as a member of a district's concussion oversight team shall take a course approved by the UIL, TDLR, or the appropriate licensing authority for the profession.
The employee must submit proof of timely completion of an approved course to the superintendent or designee. A school nurse or licensed health-care professional who is not in compliance with these training requirements may not serve on a concussion oversight team in any capacity. [See FM]
Education Code 38.158
Seizure Recognition and Related First Aid
A school nurse employed by a district must complete a TEA-approved online course of instruction for school nurses regarding managing students with seizure disorders that includes information about seizure recognition and related first aid.
A district employee, other than a school nurse, whose duties at the school include regular contact with students must complete a TEA-approved online course of instruction for school personnel regarding awareness of students with seizure disorders that includes information about seizure recognition and related first aid.
Education Code 38.033(a), (b)
[See FFAF for information about a seizure management and treatment plan.]