DMA(LEGAL) - PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT: REQUIRED STAFF DEVELOPMENT
The staff development provided by a district to an educator other than a principal must be conducted in accordance with standards developed by the district and designed to improve education in the district.
The staff development provided by a district to a principal shall be governed by Education Code 21.3541 and rules adopted under that section. [See DNB]
Education Code 21.451(a), (a-1)
Professional Development Policy
A board shall annually review the SBEC continuing education and training clearinghouse published under Education Code 21.4514 and adopt a professional development policy that must:
- Be guided by the recommendations for training in the clearinghouse;
- Note any differences in the policy adopted by the district or school from the recommendations in the clearinghouse; and
- Include a schedule of all training required for educators or other school personnel at the district or school.
To the extent of any conflict, a frequency requirement for the completion of training provided by statute prevails over a frequency requirement for that training included in the professional development policy.
Education Code 21.4515(a), (b)
Note: SBEC must publish the continuing education and training clearinghouse not later than June 1, 2022.
A district must adopt its professional development policy for district personnel not later than August 1, 2022.
Requirements for Training
In designing staff development for educators other than principals, a district must use procedures that, to the greatest extent possible, ensure the training included in the staff development:
- Incorporates proactive instructional planning techniques using a framework that:
- Provides flexibility in the ways:
- Information is presented;
- Students respond or demonstrate knowledge and skills; and
- Students are engaged;
- Reduces barriers in instruction;
- Provides appropriate accommodations, supports, and challenges; and
- Maintains high achievement expectations for all students, including students with disabilities and students of limited English proficiency; and
- Provides flexibility in the ways:
- Integrates inclusive and evidence-based instructional practices for all students, including students with disabilities.
Staff development shall be predominantly campus-based, related to achieving campus performance objectives, and developed and approved by the campus-level committee.
A district may use district-wide staff development that has been developed and approved through the district-level decision process. [See BQA and BQB, as appropriate]
Education Code 21.451(a-2), (b), (c)
Staff development may include training in:
- Technology and digital learning; and
- Positive behavior intervention and support strategies, including classroom management, district discipline policies, and the Student Code of Conduct.
Technology and digital learning training must:
- Discuss basic technology proficiency expectations and methods to increase an educator's digital literacy; and
- Assist an educator in the use of digital technology in learning activities that improve teaching, assessment, and instructional practices.
Staff development may include instruction as to what is permissible under law, including opinions of the United States Supreme Court, regarding prayer in public school.
Education Code 21.451(d)(1), (d-3), (g)
Staff development must include training on:
- Suicide prevention;
- Strategies for establishing and maintaining positive relationships among students, including conflict resolution; and
- Preventing, identifying, responding to, and reporting incidents of bullying.
Required training above must be provided in accordance with the board's professional development policy and use a best practice-based program recommended by the Health and Human Services Commission under Education Code 38.351 [see FFEB]. Required training may include two or more topics listed together.
Education Code 21.451(d)(3), (d-1)
Instruction of Students with Disabilities
"Student with a disability" means a student who is:
- Eligible to participate in a school district's special education program under Education Code 29.003;
- Covered by Section 504, Rehabilitation Act of 1973 (29 U.S.C. Section 794); or
- Covered by the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (20 U.S.C. Section 1400 et seq.).
Education Code 21.001(4)
Staff development must include training that is evidence-based, as defined by Section 8101, Every Student Succeeds Act (20 USC 7801), and that:
- Relates to the instruction of students with disabilities, including students with disabilities who also have other intellectual or mental health conditions; and
- Is designed for educators who work primarily outside the area of special education.
A district is required to provide the training to an educator who works primarily outside the area of special education only if the educator does not possess the knowledge and skills necessary to implement the individualized education program developed for a student receiving instruction from the educator. A district may determine the time and place at which the training is delivered.
In developing or maintaining the training, a district must consult with persons with expertise in research-based practices for students with disabilities, including colleges, universities, private and nonprofit organizations, regional education service centers, qualified district personnel, and any other persons identified as qualified by the district, regardless of whether the training is provided at the campus or district level.
Education Code 21.451(d)(2), (e)–(f)
The required suicide prevention training may be satisfied through independent review of suicide prevention training material that complies with the guidelines developed by TEA and is offered online. Education Code 21.451(d-2); 19 TAC 153.1013(d)
Suicide prevention programs on TEA's list of recommended best practice-based programs [see FFEB] must include components that provide for training school counselors, teachers, nurses, administrators, and other staff, as well as law enforcement officers and social workers who regularly interact with students, to:
- Recognize students at risk of attempting suicide, including students who are or may be the victims of or who engage in bullying;
- Recognize students displaying early warning signs and a possible need for early mental health or substance abuse intervention, which warning signs may include declining academic performance, depression, anxiety, isolation, unexplained changes in sleep or eating habits, and destructive behavior toward self and others;
- Intervene effectively with students described above by providing notice and referral to a parent or guardian so appropriate action, such as seeking mental health or substance abuse services, may be taken by a parent or guardian; and
- Assist students in returning to school following treatment of a mental health concern or suicide attempt.
A district shall provide training described in the components above for teachers, school counselors, principals, and all other appropriate personnel. A district is required to provide the training at an elementary school campus only to the extent that sufficient funding and programs are available. A school district may implement a program on TEA's list of recommended best practice-based programs [see FFEB] to satisfy this training requirement.
If a district provides the training, a district shall require completion in accordance with the district's professional development policy and maintain records that include district employees who participated in the training.
Education Code 38.351(e), (g), (h); 19 TAC 153.1013
Staff Development Account
A district that receives resources from the commissioner of education's staff development account must pay to the commissioner for deposit in the account an amount equal to one-half of the cost of the resources provided to the district. Education Code 21.453(c)
Child Abuse, Trafficking, and Maltreatment
A district's methods for increasing awareness of issues regarding sexual abuse, sex trafficking, and other maltreatment of children [see District Improvement Plan at BQ and Sexual Abuse, Trafficking, and Maltreatment Policies and Programs at FFG] must include training concerning prevention techniques for and recognition of sexual abuse, sex trafficking, and all other maltreatment of children, including the sexual abuse, sex trafficking, and other maltreatment of children with significant cognitive disabilities.
The training must be provided in accordance with the district's professional development policy and as part of new employee orientation to all new employees.
The training must include:
- Factors indicating a child is at risk for sexual abuse, trafficking, or other maltreatment;
- Warning signs indicating a child may be a victim of sexual abuse, trafficking, or other maltreatment;
- Internal procedures for seeking assistance for a child who is at risk for sexual abuse, trafficking, or other maltreatment, including referral to a school counselor, a social worker, or another mental health professional;
- Techniques for reducing a child's risk of sexual abuse, trafficking, or other maltreatment; and
- Information on community organizations that have relevant research-based programs and that are able to provide training or other education for district staff, students, and parents.
A district must maintain records that include staff members who participated in the training.
To the extent that resources are not yet available from TEA or the commissioner of education, districts shall implement the policies and trainings with existing or publicly available resources. The district may also work in conjunction with a community organization to provide the training at no cost to the district.
Education Code 38.0041(c)–(f); 19 TAC 61.1051(d)
A district's efforts to increase awareness and implementation of trauma-informed care must include training to new and existing employees in accordance with the district's professional development policy. [See BQ, FFBA] Education Code 38.036(c)
Each principal or other appropriate administrator who oversees student discipline shall, at least once every three school years, attend professional development training regarding Education Code Chapter 37, Subchapter G. The professional development shall include training relating to the distinction between a discipline management technique used at the principal's discretion under Education Code 37.002(a) and the discretionary authority of a teacher to remove a disruptive student under Education Code 37.002(b) [see FOA].
The professional development training may be provided in coordination with an education service center through the use of distance learning methods, such as telecommunications networks, and using available TEA resources.
Education Code 37.0181
Test Administration Training
The commissioner may require training for district employees involved in the administration of assessment instruments. The commissioner may only require the employee at each district campus who oversees the administration of the assessment instruments to annually receive the training. The district employee who oversees test administration on a district campus may, with discretion, require other district employees involved in the administration of assessment instruments to repeat the training. Education Code 39.0304(a), (b-1), (b-2)
Employees identified by the district with access to a district computer system or database and who use a computer to perform at least 25 percent of the employee's required duties must complete a cybersecurity training program selected by the board. The district, in consultation with its cybersecurity coordinator, shall determine how frequently employees must complete the training. [See CQB] Gov't Code 2054.5191(a-1); Education Code 11.175(g)
Special Programs Training
Teacher Literacy Achievement Academies (Reading Academies)
A district shall ensure that:
- Not later than the 2022–23 school year, each classroom teacher in kindergarten or first, second, or third grade and each principal at a campus with kindergarten or first, second, or third grade has attended a teacher literacy achievement academy developed under Education Code 21.4552; and
- Each classroom teacher and each principal initially employed in a grade level or at a campus described above for the 2022–23 school year or a subsequent school year has attended a teacher literacy achievement academy developed under Education Code 21.4552 by the end of the teacher's or principal's first year of placement in that grade level or campus.
Education Code 28.0062(a)(2)
[See EHAB for kindergarten–grade 3 reading standards.]
Gifted and Talented Education
A district shall ensure that:
- Before assignment to the program for gifted students, teachers who provide instruction and services that are part of the program have a minimum of 30 hours of staff development that includes nature and needs of gifted/talented students, assessment of student needs, and curriculum and instruction for gifted students.
- Teachers without the required training who provide instruction and services that are part of the gifted/talented program complete the 30-hour training requirement within one semester.
- Teachers who provide instruction and services that are part of a program for gifted students receive a minimum of six hours annually of professional development in gifted education.
- Administrators and counselors who have authority for program decisions have a minimum of six hours of professional development that includes nature and needs of gifted/talented students and program options.
19 TAC 89.2
Elective Bible Course
A teacher of an elective Bible course offered under Education Code 28.011 [see EMI] must hold a certificate in language arts, social studies, or history that qualifies the teacher to teach at the grade level at which the course is offered with, where practical, a minor in religious or biblical studies. The teacher must successfully complete staff development training developed by the commissioner for elective Bible courses. An elective Bible course may be taught only by a teacher who has successfully completed the commissioner's training under Education Code 21.459. Education Code 28.011(f)
Texas English Language Proficiency Assessment System Training
The employee assigned to oversee the administration of the Texas English Language Proficiency Assessment System (TELPAS) at a district campus may, with discretion, require other district employees involved in administering the TELPAS to complete training or online calibration activities described by Education Code 21.4571(a). An employee may not be required to complete a training or online calibration activity in one sitting. Education Code 21.4571(b), (c)
Automated External Defibrillators
A district shall, in accordance with its professional development policy, make available to employees and volunteers instruction in the principles and techniques of cardiopulmonary resuscitation and the use of an automated external defibrillator (AED).
Each school nurse, assistant school nurse, athletic coach or sponsor, physical education instructor, marching band director, cheerleading coach, and any other employee specified by the commissioner, and each student who serves as an athletic trainer, must:
- Participate in the instruction; and
- Receive and maintain certification in the use of an AED from the American Heart Association, the American Red Cross, or a similar nationally recognized association.
Education Code 22.902
Extracurricular Activity Safety Training
The following persons must satisfactorily complete an extracurricular activity safety training program in accordance with the district's professional development policy:
- A coach, trainer, or sponsor for an extracurricular athletic activity; and
- A director responsible for a school marching band.
The safety training program must include:
- Certification of participants by the American Red Cross, the American Heart Association, or a similar organization or by the University Interscholastic League;
- Current training in:
- Emergency action planning;
- Communicating effectively with 9-1-1 emergency service operators and other emergency personnel; and
- Recognizing symptoms of potentially catastrophic injuries, including head and neck injuries, concussions, injuries related to second impact syndrome, asthma attacks, heatstroke, cardiac arrest, and injuries requiring use of a defibrillator; and
- A safety drill that incorporates the training and simulates various injuries described above.
Education Code 33.202(b), (c); 19 TAC 76.1003
A superintendent shall maintain complete and accurate records of the district's compliance and the district shall make available to the public proof of compliance for each person employed by or volunteering for the district who is required to receive safety training.
A campus that is determined by a superintendent to be out of compliance with the safety training requirements shall be subject to the range of penalties determined by the UIL.
Education Code 33.206; 19 TAC 76.1003(e)
A district shall require that each employee who serves as an athletic coach at or above the seventh grade level for an extracurricular athletic activity sponsored or sanctioned by the UIL complete:
- The educational program developed by the UIL regarding the health effects of steroids; or
- A comparable program developed by the district or a private entity with relevant expertise.
Education Code 33.091(c-1)
At least once every two years, the following employees shall take a training course from an authorized provider in the subject matter of concussions:
- A coach of an interscholastic athletic activity shall take a course approved by the UIL.
- An athletic trainer who serves as a member of a district's concussion oversight team shall take a course approved by the Texas Department of Licensing and Regulation (TDLR) or a course approved for continuing education credit by the licensing authority for athletic trainers.
- A school nurse or licensed health-care professional, other than an athletic trainer, who serves as a member of a district's concussion oversight team shall take a course approved by the UIL, TDLR, or the appropriate licensing authority for the profession.
The employee must submit proof of timely completion of an approved course to the superintendent or designee. A school nurse or licensed health-care professional who is not in compliance with these training requirements may not serve on a concussion oversight team in any capacity. [See FM]
Education Code 38.158
Seizure Recognition and Related First Aid
A school nurse employed by a district must complete a TEA-approved online course of instruction for school nurses regarding managing students with seizure disorders that includes information about seizure recognition and related first aid.
A district employee, other than a school nurse, whose duties at the school include regular contact with students must complete a TEA-approved online course of instruction for school personnel regarding awareness of students with seizure disorders that includes information about seizure recognition and related first aid.
Education Code 38.033(a), (b)
[See FFAF for information about a seizure management and treatment plan.]