FNF(LOCAL) - STUDENT RIGHTS AND RESPONSIBILITIES: INVESTIGATIONS AND SEARCHES
District officials may question a student regarding the student's own conduct or the conduct of other students. In the context of school discipline, students may not refuse to answer questions based on a right not to incriminate themselves.
For provisions pertaining to student questioning by law enforcement officials or other state or local governmental authorities, see GRA(LOCAL).
Desks, lockers, District-provided technology, and similar items are the property of the District and are provided for student use as a matter of convenience. District property is subject to search or inspection at any time without notice. Students have no expectation of privacy in District property. Students shall be fully responsible for the security and contents of District property assigned to them. No student shall place or keep in a desk, locker, District-provided technology, or similar item any article or material prohibited by law, District policy, or the Student Code of Conduct. Students shall be responsible for any prohibited item found in District property provided to the student.
Searches in General
District officials may conduct searches of students, their belongings, and their vehicles in accordance with state and federal law and District policy. Searches of students shall be conducted in a reasonable and nondiscriminatory manner.
District officials may initiate a search in accordance with law, including, for example, based on reasonable suspicion, voluntary consent, or pursuant to District policy providing for suspicionless security procedures, including the use of metal detectors.
In accordance with the Student Code of Conduct, students are responsible for prohibited items found in their possession, including items in their personal belongings or in vehicles parked on District property.
Searches should be reasonable at their inception and in scope. If there is reasonable suspicion to believe that searching a student's person, belongings, or vehicle will reveal evidence of a violation of the Student Code of Conduct, a District official may conduct a search in accordance with law and District regulations.
For purposes of this policy, a suspicionless search is a search carried out based on lawful security procedures, such as metal detector searches.
Metal Detector Searches
In order to maintain a safe and disciplined learning environment, the District reserves the right to subject students to metal detector searches when entering a District campus and at off-campus, school-sponsored activities as authorized by law and District policy.
Security Screening Procedures at Special Programs Campuses
In accordance with state and federal law, each student attending a special programs campus shall be screened by school staff upon arrival at school each day. [See FNF(LEGAL)]
For students in grade 6 and above, screening may include the use of a walkthrough and/or handheld metal detector, and/or inspection of bags and personal items, and may include restrictions on types of personal property that may be brought into the school.
A student who fails to comply with instructions or directives, or who activates the metal detector after being asked to remove any metal object from his or her person, shall be escorted to a private area for an additional search as provided by law. [See FNF(LEGAL)] If any prohibited items are found, or if the student refuses to comply with reasonable requests from District administration, the student shall be subject to additional disciplinary consequences under the Student Code of Conduct and/or under state and federal law.
Parents and students shall be informed of the specific security screening requirements and procedures prior to or on the student's first day at a special programs campus.
Any search conducted with a walkthrough and/or handheld metal detector shall be conducted uniformly and equitably, minimizing interference with the educational process and avoiding the appearance that a particular student or group of students is either being favored or targeted by the metal detector search.
Use of Metal Detectors (Magnetometers)
Both walk-through and handheld metal detectors may be used to conduct searches as permitted by District policy.
Random Metal Detector Searches
In order to prevent and deter students from bringing weapons to school, students at all secondary campuses shall be subject to random, suspicionless, administrative searches for weapons. Such random searches shall be for weapons that violate the Student Code of Conduct and/or state and federal law. District officials shall not select a particular student to search except as authorized in FNF(LEGAL).
Random searches of students conducted under this policy shall be limited to the use of metal detectors and inspection of bags/personal items capable of concealing a weapon. A student who fails to comply with instructions or directives, or who activates the metal detector after being asked to remove any metal object from his or her person, shall be escorted to a private area for additional search as provided by law. [See FNF(LEGAL)]
School resource officers (SROs) or other peace officers shall not directly participate in random, suspicionless searches of students unless permitted or required by law or as otherwise deemed appropriate.
To ensure that random metal detector searches are conducted uniformly and equitably, school administrators shall:
- Minimize inconvenience to students and interference with the educational process;
- Maximize detection and deterrent value by regularly searching significant numbers of students;
- Ensure that patterns are not established that would allow students to avoid searches by predicting the time and location of a search; and
- Avoid the appearance that a particular student or group of students is either being favored or targeted by adopting processes in advance of the search that leaves the operator of the metal detector(s) a minimum of discretion.
Use of Trained Dogs
The District reserves the right to use trained dogs to conduct screening for concealed prohibited items. Such procedures shall be unannounced. The dogs shall not be used with students; however, students may be asked to leave personal belongings in an area that will be screened. If a dog alerts to an item or an area, it may be searched by District officials.