A board must adopt and install a standard school fiscal accounting system that conforms with generally accepted accounting principles. The accounting system must meet the minimum requirements prescribed by the commissioner of education, subject to review and comment of the state auditor. Education Code 44.007(a), (b)
The rules for financial accounting are described in the official TEA publication, Financial Accountability System Resource Guide. 19 TAC 109.1, .41
Report of Revenues and Expenditures
A report of the revenues and expenditures for the preceding fiscal year shall be filed with TEA on or before the date set by the State Board of Education. The report shall include management, cost accounting, and financial information in a format prescribed by the State Board and in a manner sufficient to enable the State Board to monitor the funding process and determine educational system costs by district, campus, and program. Education Code 44.007(c), (d)
The board shall prepare an annual financial statement that shows the following for each fund subject to its authority during the fiscal year:
- The total receipts of the fund, itemized by source of revenue, including taxes, assessments, service charges, grants of state money, gifts, or other general sources from which funds are derived;
- The total disbursements of the fund, itemized by the nature of the expenditure; and
- The balance in the fund at the close of the fiscal year.
Local Gov't Code 140.005
The board president shall submit the annual financial statement to a daily, weekly, or biweekly newspaper published within the boundaries of the district. If a daily, weekly, or biweekly newspaper is not published within the boundaries of the district, the financial statement shall be published in a newspaper in each county in which the district or any part of the district is located. The statement shall be published in accordance with the accounting method required by TEA not later than the 150th day after the date the fiscal year ends. Local Gov't Code 140.006(c), (d)
Annual Local Debt Report
A district shall annually compile and report certain financial information ("Annual Local Debt Report") in the manner prescribed by Local Government Code 140.008 and 34 Administrative Code 10.1–.6. Local Gov't Code 140.008(b); 34 TAC 10.2(a)
The Annual Local Debt Report must include the following financial information:
- Regarding total authorized debt obligations:
- The amount of all authorized debt obligations;
- The principal of all outstanding debt obligations;
- The combined principal and interest required to pay all outstanding debt obligations on time and in full;
- The amount of all authorized debt obligations secured by property taxes;
- The principal of all outstanding debt obligations secured by property taxes;
- The combined principal and interest required to pay all outstanding debt obligations secured by property taxes on time and in full;
- The amount of all authorized debt obligations secured by property taxes expressed as a per capita amount;
- The principal of all outstanding debt obligations secured by property taxes expressed as a per capita amount;
- The combined principal and interest required to pay all outstanding debt obligations on time and in full for all obligations secured by property taxes expressed as a per capita amount; and
- The current credit rating on total debt obligations given by any nationally recognized credit rating organization.
- Regarding each authorized debt obligation:
- The principal of each outstanding debt;
- The principal of each outstanding debt obligation secured by property taxes expressed as a per capita amount;
- The combined principal and interest required to pay each outstanding debt obligation on time and in full;
- The combined principal and interest required to pay each outstanding debt obligation on time and in full expressed as a per capita amount;
- The issued and unissued amounts, the spent and unspent amounts, the maturity date and the stated purpose for which each debt obligation was authorized; and
- The current credit rating on each debt obligation given by any nationally recognized credit rating organization.
- Any other information considered relevant or necessary to explain the above required data elements, such as explanations of payment sources for different kinds of debt or projections of per capita amounts of ad valorem taxation-secured obligations as of the last day of the maximum term of the most recent debt obligation issued by the district.
34 TAC 10.2; Local Gov't Code 140.008(b).
The comptroller shall provide an Annual Local Debt Report Form for use by a district. 34 TAC 10.3
On an annual basis and within 180 days of the end of the most recently completed fiscal year, a district shall either:
- Submit via upload to the comptroller's internet website the completed Annual Local Debt Report Form provided by the comptroller and, if the district maintains an internet website, continually maintain a link from its website to the location on the comptroller's website where the district's financial information may be viewed; or
- Post the information required in an Annual Local Debt Report on the district's own internet website.
The board of a district that elects to post its annual debt information on its own internet website as described above shall take action to ensure that:
- This information is made available for inspection by any person and posted continuously on the district's website until the district posts the next year's annual debt information; and
- The main office is posted continuously on the website and such information includes a physical address, mailing address, main telephone number, and an email address.
34 TAC 10.4; Local Gov't Code 140.008(c), (d), (f)
The phrases, words, and terms used in the foregoing provisions shall have the meanings set out in 34 Administrative Code 10.1, unless the context clearly indicates otherwise. 34 TAC 10.1
Financial Management Report
Each district must prepare and distribute an annual financial management report. 19 TAC 109.1001(q)(1)
The district's annual financial management report must include a description of the district's financial management performance based on a comparison, provided by TEA, of the district's performance on the indicators in 19 Administrative Code 109.1001 to state established standards and the district's previous performance on the indicators. Education Code 39.083(b) [See CFC]
Each district must provide the public with an opportunity to comment on the report at a public hearing. Education Code 39.083(d); 19 TAC 109.1001(q)(2)
The report shall contain information that discloses state-established standards and the district's financial management performance under each indicator for the current and previous year's financial accountability ratings, and any descriptive information required by the commissioner, including:
- A copy of the superintendent's current employment contract or other written documentation of employment if no contract exists. This must disclose all compensation and benefits paid to the superintendent. The district may publish the superintendent's employment contract on the district's website instead of publishing it in the annual financial management report;
- A summary schedule for the fiscal year (12-month period) of expenditures paid on behalf of the superintendent and each board member and total reimbursements received by the superintendent and each board member. This includes transactions on a district's credit card(s), debit card(s), stored-value card(s), and any other similar instrument(s) to cover expenses incurred by the superintendent and each board member. The summary schedule must separately report reimbursements for meals, lodging, transportation, motor fuel, and other items. The summary schedule of total reimbursements should not include reimbursements for supplies and materials that were purchased for the operation of the district;
- A summary schedule for the fiscal year of the dollar amount of compensation and fees received by the superintendent from an outside school district or any other outside entity in exchange for professional consulting or other personal services. The schedule must separately report the amount received from each entity;
- A summary schedule for the fiscal year of the total dollar amount of gifts that had a total economic value of $250 or more received by the executive officers and board
- This reporting requirement applies only to:
- Gifts received by the district's executive officers and board members (and their immediate family as described by Government Code, Chapter 573, Subchapter B, Relationships by Consanguinity or by Affinity) from an outside entity that received payments from the district in the prior fiscal year, and
- Gifts from competing vendors that were not awarded contracts in the prior fiscal year.
- This reporting requirement does not apply to reimbursement by an outside entity for travel-related expenses when the purpose of the travel was to investigate matters directly related to an executive officer's or board member's duties or to investigate matters related to attendance at education-related conferences and seminars with the primary purpose of providing continuing education; however, this exclusion does not apply to trips for entertainment purposes or pleasure trips. This reporting requirement excludes an individual gift or a series of gifts from a single outside entity that had a total economic value of less than $250 per executive officer or board member;
- This reporting requirement applies only to:
- A summary schedule for the fiscal year of the dollar amount received by board members for the total amount of business transactions with the district. This reporting requirement is not to duplicate the items disclosed in the summary schedule of reimbursements received by board members; and
- Any other information the board of a district determines to be useful.
19 TAC 109.1001(q)(3)
The board shall hold a public hearing on the report. The public hearing must be held in the district's facilities within two months after receiving a final financial accountability rating.
At the hearing, the district must provide the annual financial management report to the attending parents and taxpayers.
Education Code 39.083(d); 19 TAC 109.1001(q)(4), (5)
The board must give notice of the hearing to owners of real property in the geographic boundaries of the district and to parents of district students.
In addition to other notice required by law, the board must provide notice of the hearing:
- To a newspaper of general circulation in the geographic boundaries of the district in one posting prior to holding the public meeting, providing the time and place of the hearing. The notice in the newspaper may not be earlier than 30 days prior or later than ten days before the date of the hearing. If no newspaper is published in the county in which the district's central administration office is located, then the board must publish the notice in the county nearest to the county seat of the county in which the district's central administration office is located; and
- Through electronic mail to the mass communication media serving the district, including, but not limited to, radio and television.
Education Code 39.083(d); 19 TAC 109.1001(q)(4)
After the hearing, the report shall be disseminated in the district in the manner prescribed by the commissioner. Education Code 39.083(e)
The district must retain the annual financial management report for at least three years after the public hearing and make it available to parents and taxpayers upon request. 19 TAC 109.1001(q)(6)
Corrective Action Plan
Each district that received an F rating must file a corrective action plan with TEA, prepared in accordance with instructions from the commissioner, within one month after the district's public hearing. 19 TAC 109.1001(q)
If the commissioner, based on the indicators adopted under Education Code 39.082 [see CFC], projects a deficit for a district general fund within the following three school years, TEA shall provide the district interim financial reports, including projected revenues and expenditures, to evaluate the district's current budget status.
TEA may require a district to submit additional information needed to produce a financial report. If a district fails to provide information requested or if the commissioner determines that the information submitted by a district is unreliable, the commissioner may order the district to acquire professional services under Education Code 39A.902 [see AIC].
Education Code 39.0823