CKB(LEGAL) - SAFETY PROGRAM/RISK MANAGEMENT: ACCIDENT PREVENTION AND REPORTS
Each district shall conduct emergency safety drills in accordance with Education Code 37.114.
The following words and terms, when used in these provisions, shall have the following meanings, unless the context clearly indicates otherwise.
Drill: A set of procedures that test a single, specific operation or function. Drill examples include evacuating for a fire or locking down from an internal threat.
Secure (Lockout): A response action schools take to secure the perimeter of school buildings and grounds during incidents that pose a threat or hazard outside of the school building. Secure (Lockout) uses the security of the physical facility to act as protection to deny entry.
Lockdown: A response action schools take to secure interior portions of school buildings and grounds during incidents that pose an immediate threat of violence inside the school. The primary objective is to quickly ensure all school students, staff, and visitors are secured away from immediate danger.
Evacuate: A response action schools take to quickly move students and staff from one place to another. The primary objective of an evacuation is to ensure that all staff, students, and visitors can quickly move away from the threat. Evacuation examples include a bomb threat or internal gas leak.
Shelter-in-place for hazmat: A response action schools take to quickly move students, staff, and visitors indoors, perhaps for an extended period of time, because it is safer inside the building than outside. Affected individuals may be required to move to rooms without windows or to rooms that can be sealed. Shelter-in-place for hazmat examples include train derailment with chemical release or smoke from a nearby fire.
Shelter for severe weather: A response action schools take to quickly move students, staff, and visitors indoors, perhaps for an extended period of time, because it is safer inside the building than outside. For severe weather, depending on the type and/or threat level (watch versus warning), affected individuals may be required to move to rooms without windows on the lowest floor possible or to a weather shelter.
Fire evacuation drill: A method of practicing how a building would be vacated in the event of a fire. The purpose of fire drills in buildings is to ensure that everyone knows how to exit safely as quickly as possible.
Education Code 37.114(2) requires the commissioner of education to designate the number of mandatory school drills to be conducted each semester of the school year, not to exceed eight drills each semester and sixteen drills for the entire school year. Neither 19 Administrative Code 103.1029, nor the law, precludes a district from conducting more drills as deemed necessary and appropriate by the district. Following is the required minimum frequency of drills by type:
- Secure (Lockout)—One per school year.
- Lockdown—Two per school year (once per semester).
- Evacuate—One per school year.
- Shelter-in-place for hazmat—One per school year.
- Shelter for severe weather—One per school year.
- Fire evacuation drill—Four per school year (two per semester). In addition, districts should consult with their local fire marshal and comply with their local fire marshal's requirements and recommendations.
19 TAC 103.1209
Eye and Face Protection
Each teacher and student shall wear industrial-quality eye-protective devices in appropriate situations as determined by district policy. Education Code 38.005
For selection and use of face and eye protection in public schools, the Texas Department of State Health Services (TDSHS) recommends the guidelines entitled "Eye and Face Protection," available at 29 C.F.R. 1910.133.
For hazard assessment and face and eye protective equipment selection in public schools, TDSHS recommends the guidelines entitled "Non-mandatory Compliance Guidelines for Hazard Assessment and Personal Protective Equipment Selection," available at 29 C.F.R. Part 1910, Subpart I, Appendix B.
The guidelines are applicable to all staff members, students, and visitors within Texas public schools participating in educational activities and programs that involve:
- The use of hazardous chemicals;
- The use of hot liquids or solids;
- The use of molten materials;
- Performing grinding, chipping, or other hazardous activities where there is danger of flying particles;
- Milling, sawing, turning, shaping, cutting, or stamping of any solid materials;
- Heat treatment, tempering, or kiln firing of any metal or other materials;
- Cutting, welding, or brazing operations;
- The use of hazardous radiation, including the use of infrared and ultraviolet light or lasers;
- Repair or servicing of any vehicle; or
- Any process or activity in a vocational, art, industrial arts or science course or laboratory that might have a tendency to cause damage to the eyes.
25 TAC 295.141–.142