CE(LOCAL) - ANNUAL OPERATING BUDGET
The District shall operate on a fiscal year beginning September 1 and ending August 31.
Budget planning shall be an integral part of overall program planning so that the budget effectively reflects the District's programs and activities and provides the resources to implement them. In the budget planning process, general educational goals, specific program goals, and alternatives for achieving program goals shall be considered, as well as input from the District- and campus-level planning and decision-making committees. Budget planning and evaluation are continuous processes and shall be a part of each month's activities.
The annual public meeting to discuss the proposed budget and tax rate shall be conducted as follows:
The Board President shall request at the beginning of the meeting that all persons who desire to speak on the proposed budget and/or tax rate sign up on the sheet provided.
Prior to the beginning of the meeting, the Board may establish time limits for speakers.
Speakers shall confine their remarks to the appropriation of funds as contained in the proposed budget and/or the tax rate.
No officer or employee of the District shall be required to respond to questions from speakers at the meeting.
The adopted budget provides authority to expend funds for the purposes indicated and in accordance with state law, Board policy, and the District's approved purchasing procedures. The expenditure of funds shall be under the direction of the Superintendent or designee who shall ensure that funds are expended in accordance with the adopted budget.
The Board shall amend the budget when a change is made increasing any one of the functional spending categories or increasing revenue object accounts and other resources.
Fund balance shall mean the gross difference between governmental fund assets and liabilities reflected on the balance sheet.
The Superintendent, assistant superintendent, finance and operations, or other person designated by Board resolution shall serve as the fund manager for the District and shall have the authority to express intended uses that result in assigned funds and shall classify fund balances as directed by the Board and in accordance with:
Generally accepted accounting practices as defined by Government Accounting Standards Board (GASB) Pronouncement #54;
Any subsequent revisions by GASB;
Updates to the Texas Education Agency (TEA) Financial Accountability System Resource Guide; or
Subsequent documents prescribed by TEA.
The five classifications of fund balance of the governmental types are as follows:
Nonspendable Fund Balance
Nonspendable fund balance shall mean the portion of the gross fund balance that is not expendable (such as inventories) or that is legally earmarked for a specific use (such as the self-funded reserves program).
Examples of fund balance reserves for which fund balance shall not be available for financing general operating expenditures include:
Long-term receivables; and
Restricted Fund Balance
Restricted fund balance shall include amounts constrained to a specific purpose by the provider, such as a grantor.
Child nutrition programs;
Construction programs; and
Other granting agencies.
Committed Fund Balance
Committed fund balance shall mean the portion of the fund balance that is constrained to a specific purpose by the Board.
Potential litigation, claims, and judgments; and
Campus activity funds.
Assigned Fund Balance
Assigned fund balance shall mean the portion of the fund balance that is spendable or available for appropriation but has been tentatively earmarked for some specific purpose by the Board, the Superintendent, or the chief financial officer.
In current practice, such plans or intent may change and never be budgeted or result in expenditures in future periods of time.
Program start-up costs; and
Other legal uses.
Unassigned Fund Balance
Unassigned fund balance shall include amounts available for any legal purpose. This portion of the total fund balance in the general fund shall be available to finance operating expenditures.
The unassigned fund balance shall be the difference between the total fund balance and the total of the nonspendable fund balance, restricted fund balance, committed fund balance, and assigned fund balance.
The target for the unassigned fund balance shall be between 25 and 42 percent of the operating budget.
All fund balances of activity funds shall be considered committed.
In seeking to fulfill its mission, the District shall maintain a high level of financial stability and shall not compromise long-term financial integrity to achieve short-term benefits.