Dyslexia and Related Disorders
A board shall ensure that procedures are implemented for identifying and providing appropriate instructional services to students for dyslexia and related disorders, in accordance with the State Board of Education's Dyslexia Handbook: Procedures Concerning Dyslexia and Related Disorders.
Screening, Testing, and Identification
Students enrolling in public schools in Texas shall be screened or tested, as appropriate, for dyslexia and related disorders at appropriate times in accordance with a program approved by the State Board of Education. The program must include screening at the end of the school year of each student in kindergarten and each student in the first grade.
Screening should be done only by individuals who are trained to assess students for dyslexia and related disorders.
Before an identification or assessment procedure is used selectively with an individual student, a district shall notify the student's parent or guardian or another person standing in parental relation to the student.
A process for early identification, intervention, and support for students at risk for dyslexia and related disorders must be available, as outlined in the Dyslexia Handbook.
Each school shall provide each identified student access at his or her campus to instructional programs required at Reading Program, below, and to the services of a teacher trained in dyslexia and related disorders. A district may, with the approval of each student's parents or guardians, offer additional services at a centralized location, but centralized services shall not preclude each student from receiving services at his or her campus.
A district shall purchase a reading program or develop its own reading program that is aligned with the descriptors in the Dyslexia Handbook.
Teachers who screen and treat these students must be trained in instructional strategies that utilize individualized, intensive, multisensory, phonetic methods and a variety of writing and spelling components described in the Dyslexia Handbook. The professional development activities specified by the district- and/or campus-level committees shall include these instructional strategies.
Unless otherwise provided by law, a student determined to have dyslexia during screening or testing or accommodated because of dyslexia may not be rescreened or retested for dyslexia for the purpose of reassessing the student's need for accommodations until the district reevaluates the information obtained from previous screening or testing of the student.
Notice to Parents
A district shall inform parents and guardians of students eligible under Section 504 [see FB] of all services and options available to the student under that statute.
A district shall provide a parent education program for parents and guardians of students with dyslexia and related disorders. This program should include awareness of characteristics of dyslexia and related disorders; information on testing and diagnosis of dyslexia; information on effective strategies for teaching dyslexic students; and awareness of information on modifications, especially modifications allowed on standardized testing.
Education Code 38.003; 19 TAC 74.28
Parental Notice of Assistance for Learning Difficulties
Each school year, a district shall notify a parent of each child, other than a child enrolled in a special education program under Education Code Chapter 29, Subchapter A, who receives assistance from the district for learning difficulties, including through the use of intervention strategies that the district provides that assistance to the child. The notice must:
- Be provided when the child begins to receive the assistance for that school year;
- Be written in English or, to the extent practicable, the parent's native language;
- A reasonable description of the assistance that may be provided to the child, including any intervention strategies that may be used;
- Information collected regarding any intervention in the base tier of a multi-tiered system of supports that has previously been used with the child;
- An estimate of the duration for which the assistance, including through the use of intervention strategies, will be provided:
- The estimated time frames within which a report on the child's progress with the assistance, including any intervention strategies used, will be provided to the parent; and
- A copy of the explanation provided under Education Code 26.0081(c). [See FB]
This required notice may be provided to a child's parent at a meeting of the team established for the child under Section 504, Rehabilitation Act of 1973 (29 U.S.C. Section 794), if applicable.
Education Code 26.0081(d), (e)
"Intervention strategy" means a strategy in a multi-tiered system of supports that is above the level of intervention generally used in that system with all children. The term includes response to intervention and other early intervening strategies. Education Code 26.004(a)